Search:
Advanced Search

Your basket is empty.

0Items in cart:
£0.00Total:

Information

Products: 63058
Categories: 26
Prices: British Pounds

Free Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list below:
Email:

Copyright Notice


Copyright © 2011
Ron Cosens
 

FAQs


More details of information that will be supplied


Address
When the annotation ‘Address’ is shown it means that the following will be available in the downloaded information that is purchased
  • Address details are included in addition to the town already identified. The details will usually include a street name and often a street number but, on occasions, could include as little as a Studio name (e.g. The Criterion Studio) or a district (e.g. Bayswater). The download will, of course, contain operating dates if annotated as such.

Address (town only)
When the annotation ‘Address (town only)’ is shown it means that the following will be available in the downloaded information that is purchased
  • Only the town name, which has already been identified, will be included. Therefore, the details will not include a street name, street number nor any other address details. The download will, of course, contain operating dates if annotated as such.

Date/s
When the annotation ‘Date/s’ is shown it means that the following will be available in the downloaded information that is purchased
  • One specific date or two dates whenever available. The details will always include at least one date (e.g. 1878). In most cases two dates are shown indicating a date range (e.g. 1878 – 1883)


Information sources

Addresses and dates have been taken from trade directories, photograph mounts, advertisements, census returns, birth marriage or death certificates, business dissolution notices, bankruptcy notices, law court reports etc.

Trade directories
Most of the dates used are based on trade directories.

Historical trade directories are a wonderful source of addresses and dates. However, like most historical records, it helps to understand a little bit about them, including their strengths and their limitations.

Trade directories were, and still are today (Yellow Pages etc.), designed to allow businesses to advertise their goods and services. They are almost always DATED to reflect the year of publication and can cover a very small area such as a village or a wider area such as a town, city or county.

Good things about trade directories. They
  • are dated
  • include the business name
  • include one or more business addresses
  • sometimes include other marketing information such as products and prices.

Limitations of trade directories:
  • not every photographer advertised in trade directories and, in those cases, dates and addresses are not available from that source
  • those that did advertise did not necessarily advertise every year; some advertised only periodically, when they felt the need to or when funds were available
  • dating a photograph using trade directory data is less precise when the photographer stayed at the same studio for a long time
  • compilation of a directory usually took place six to 12 months in advance and business details sometimes altered between compilation and publication
  • historically, compilation errors did inevitably occur.

From this, we can deduce that
  • a trade directory entry indicates that a firm WAS IN BUSINESS at a particular address in at least part of the year that the directory was published (unless details changed between compilation and publication ) - the actual dates are not definable – only the year
  • the ABSENCE of a trade directory entry does not mean that a firm was NOT in business at that time (maybe it did not advertise)
  • trade directory data helps most when firms moved about – the longer a firm was at a particular address, the less useful the trade directory information is for dating purposes.

Photograph mounts
Some dates are taken from photograph mounts that have dates written on them. Some other dates are shown with a ‘c’ (for circa) in front of them, e.g. c1878. In these cases the date has been estimated from the designs of the photographer’s photographic mounts. This estimate is based on many years of research and from the results of an extensive analysis of over 10,000 DATED cartes de visite.

Census returns
In some cases, dates of operation have been taken from census returns – especially where the domestic census address is the same as the studio address found in trade directories (i.e. the photographer lived and worked at the same address).

In cases where the census address does not match any directory address, and therefore is probably a domestic address only, the downloaded information includes the words ‘Census address’.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


Other ways of dating a photograph

For a general introduction, go to Dating Old Photographs

If your photograph is a carte de visite or a cabinet card, and the trade directory information alone is not precise enough for you, use our unique dating Wizard

OR - if you prefer – go to our Custom Dating page and ask for our personal estimate of the date of your photograph which we will assess using all of the many sources of information available to us.